25° Jugo-Siroko
 Air temp. Wind direction
 03 m/s 82 % 
 Wind velocity Humidity 
 1005.2 hPa 24 °C 
 Pressure Sea temp. 
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This Island of Vis
CONTENTS: 
PREHISTORY

The island of Vis is a result of volcanic action some 30,000 years ago. The Island measures about 92 square kilometres, and is located 36 miles off the mainland of Croatia. The peak of the island, Mount Hum, has an elevation of 2,000 feet.

The near mainland was formed during the Mesozoic era and Tertiary and Quaternary Periods. The geological history of the island includes Jurassic, and Cretaceous materials. Most of the island is built of dolomite and limestone of the Cretaceous period. At one time the island was attached to the mainland, as evidenced by finds of deer skeletons dating to the Diluvial Period, and that the island was covered with deciduous vegetation.

The island was first settled during the Neolithic period about 3000 B.C.. These early settlers gave the island the name of “Issa”. The other name “Lissa” is its Latin (Venetians) name and was its official name until the twentieth century at the end of WWI. However, the island’s name also known in its Croat from as “Vis”, and was first mentioned by the Byzantine Emperor Constantine Porfirogenet in 950 A.D.

The Illyrian tribes settled the island in 2000 B.C. In the 1st millennium B.C. the Illyrian, Liburnians who formed a small state between the 6th and 5th Century B.C, held the island. In 600 B.C. Scattered throughout the island are Tumulus grave mounds that were the result of land clearing efforts to make way for agriculture. Whether they were used as burial mounds, remains speculative because no graves have ever been excavated from these.

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